The total fertility rate of Vietnam has been influenced by the government's family planning policy, the two-child policy. (VOVWORLD) - The fertility rate in Ho Chi Minh City is now at an alarmingly low level with a woman having 1.39 children on average, significantly lower than Vietnam's replacement-level fertility of 2.09 children, according to the General Office for Population and Family Planning. I Thus, the fertility transition is well underway in Vietnam as in most other South-East Asian countries.2 However, with the present annual growth rate of 2-2% the population is projected to double within 30 years.3 The national policy target is to reduce total fertility to replacement level-ie, two children per woman-by the year 2015.4 Fertility rate of Viet Nam fell gradually from 6.4 births per woman in 1971 to 2 births per woman in 2020. Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. Vietnam has achieved replacement fertility levels and maintained the total fertility rate (TFR) -- the average number of children born per woman -- at about two children per woman over the past 14 years. VNA Monday, December 19, 2016 10:03 Related News Vietnam’s fertility rate has declined from 6.4 to 2.1 children per woman over the last 55 years, but the rate varies widely among provinces. In 2020, fertility rate for Viet Nam was 2 births per woman. This statistic shows the fertility rate in Vietnam from 2008 to 2018. Vietnam is urging citizens to marry before 30 and bear children early to maintain an ideal replacement fertility rate. Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. While the TFR for the entire country has met government goals, authorities now worry about the stark contrast in fertility rates between regions. World Bank Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. The fertility rate is the average number of children born by one woman while being of child-bearing age. Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate (children per woman) 2001 78,620,500 18.6 5.1 13.5 The total fertility rate in Vietnam dropped from 5.6 in 1979 to 3.2 by 1993, suggesting the two-child policy was successful in containing the population growth. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Similar rates have been observed throughout the southeastern region as well as 13 provinces of the Mekong Delta region, with fertility rates hovering at around 1.8 and 1.9, respectively – two regions with the lowest fertility rates in the country. Between 2015 and 2020, the fertility rate in Vietnam has been at approximately 135.1 births per thousand women aged between 25 to 29 years.
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