There is an impressive building which was used as a public bath. Many spindles were discovered at the Harappan sites. In this article we will discuss about the food, social Dress, ornaments, house hold articles, amusements, trade, social class and structure, religion and funerary customs of the people of Indus Valley Civilization. They also made Pottery, Weaving. The Indus River valley was quite fertile when the Harappans thrived there. Specialized groups of artisans include goldsmiths, brick makers, The nature of the Indus civilization’s agricultural system is still largely a matter of conjecture due to the paucity of information surviving through the ages. Their economy was entirely dominated by horticulture. Also read: Drainage System of Harappan Civilization (Indus Valley) Great Public Bath and Granary of Indus Valley Civilization. The only indubitable things which we know of the Indus Scripts are that originally they were pictographic and later on they became standardized. Apart from trade and industry, agriculture was the chief occupation of the Indus people. Comparing and Contrasting River Valley Civilizations In the following treatise, the research that will be presented will provide criteria involving similarities and differences in three attributes of life in the four primary river valley civilizations. Rich people used gold instruments studded with jewels. Highlight the social, political,religious and economic life of indus valley civilization 1 See answer Aayushijoshi4394 is waiting for your help. They were the rulers and warriors of the kingdom. No authentic explanation is yet possible about the origin of the Indus Script. Copper supply was limited as it had to be imported from outside. As copper was scarce, common men could hardly afford to possess copper weapons. The decimal system was also known to them. Indus Valley civilization Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs) & Answers QUESTIONS Indus Valley civilization Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs)& Answers 1 Mohenjodaro is also called as : A mound of the Great B mount of the Survivors C mount of the Living D mount of the Dead Answer: mount of the Dead 2 Identify the site where the Great… But the similarities go up to the certain points only. The economic history of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilisation (3300–1300 BCE), whose economy appears to have depended significantly on trade and examples of overseas trade. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The earliest historians of ancient India wrote on … INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Shubham, Nimish, Nihar, Shivangi, Gopinath 2. Monetary System & Trade. wheat, barley, peas, kodon, sanwa, jowar, ragi, etc. was a great progress in all spheres of economic activity such as Know about Indus Valley Civilization or Harappa Civilization. The Indus script is yet a closed realm to scholars as it is undeciphered. Introduction to Political Life of Indus valley civilization: There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus Valley people. This will give us an overview of the Socio-economic activities of the Indus … Mr. Langdon holds it to be of purely indigenous origin. The craftsmen taught their skill in crafting to their children. Early Life: Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was the most powerful emperor of Maratha Empire. According to Waddel it was of Sumerian origin. Political System 7. Weaving was a principal occupation of the people. Cities are the symbols of the Indus Valley civilization characterized by the density of population, close integration between economic and social processes, tech-economic developments, careful planning for expansion and promotion of trade and commerce, providing opportunities and scope of work to artisans and craftsmen etc. The Indus cities had maritime trade with Sumeria through the Persian Gulf. Economic Life Of the Indus people Mainly agrarian, the economic life of the Indus people echoed the modernity which was sown in that era. The Indus Valley Civilization is the earliest known culture of the Indian subcontinent of the kind now called “urban” (or centered on large municipalities), and the largest of the four ancient civilizations, which also included Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China. Rashtrakutas dynasty - Socio,Economic and Politica... Chalukyas (543 – 755 A.D.) Socio,Economic and Poli... Vengi Chalukyas period - Golden age of Andhra his... Rajaraja Narendra founder of Rajamandry city, Western Chalukyas or Kalyani Chalukyas Empire. Economic life OF Indus valley civilization. But we are not sure on this point and must wait for further proof. The sanitary system, the drainage system also speaks of their cleanliness and public hygiene. The discovery of a sacrificial pit of Lothal lends support to the view that the Indus people performed animal sacrifices. The food of the Harappan people was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. Also, most of their trade takes place through water routes. It provided fertile soil and clay. The most powerful group of people in the Indus Valley Civilization were Brahmins. Introduction to Political Life of Indus valley civilization: There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus Valley people. The use of horse is not yet firmly established. The female beauties of the Indus valley had a taste for toilet culture like their modern sisters. The Life of the Indus Valley Civilization Two cities, in particular, have been excavated at the sites of Mohenjo-Daro on the lower Indus, and at Harappa, further upstream. was one of the world's . General Knowledge on Indus Valley Civilization | indus-valley-civilization Citadel of Indus Valley Civilization Citadels are the uppermost parts or upper town of the Indus Valley Civilization is their town planning. Rich people had spacious courtyards. The cotton and woolen dresses show the existence of cotton and woolen industries. So copper had to be discretely used for making necessary implements and weapons like axe, lance, and dagger. Economic System; P  olitics ... Just like the Sumer civilization of Mesopotamia and the Egyptian civilization, the government of the Indus Valley was ruled by religion; The Indus government was well organized. Trade was based on the barter system. The most notable artistic achievement of The next most powerful group of people were the Kshatriyas. Several thousand years ago there once thrived a civilization in the Indus Valley. The art of pottery attained a wonderful excellence at Mohenjo-Daro. In the beginning, it was called “The Indus Valley Civilization”, due to the discovery of more and more sited far away from the Indus valley this civilization was later named “Indus Civilization”. Economic Life of the People of Indus Valley Civilisation: The various objects recovered at the site of Mohenjo-Daro suggest that it was a prosperous city. describe the lifestyle in the Indus Valley civilization ; ... or economic aspects of history/social science. lack of resources devaluation of money falling behind technologically decline in trade ... the end of the world penalty for sin in one's life a way to excuse questionable practices the fault of the Jewish population who were then killed . (More...) In 2001, archaeologists studying the remains of two men from Mehrgarh, Pakistan, discovered that the people of the Indus Valley Civilisation, from the early Harappan periods, had knowledge of proto- dentistry. Socio-Economic The Indus Valley Civilization people sowed seeds in the flood plains in November, when the flood water receded and reaped their harvest of wheat and barley in April before the advent of the next flood, rice, barley, milk, dates, fish, eggs and animal flesh formed their staple food. Water Conservation: Meaning, Importance, Methods, Ozone Layer Depletion: Meaning, Causes, Effects. The Life of the Indus Valley Civilization Two cities, in particular, have been excavated at the sites of Mohenjo-Daro on the lower Indus, and at Harappa, further upstream. Instead of money, there was a swapping and bartering system. Chairs and tools were used for decorating rooms and for sitting comfortably. A citadel is a barrier of a civilization to protect it from invasions and natural disasters. Hunter believes it to be of  Egyptian origin. Ajanta Caves - Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. Takshashila University ( in Rawalpindi ) world's f... Nalanda University founded by Kumaragupta I. Narasimhavarman II popularly known as Rajasimha P... Narasimhavarman I founder of Mamallapuram, Mahendravarman I (600 – 630 A.D.) Chitrakarapuli. The term Nishka appears in this sense in the Rigveda. The women of Indus valley usually wore long hair in plait with fan-shaped bow at the end. Introduction 2. Dec 19, 2020 - Economic Life - Indus Valley Civilisation UPSC Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. It was a rich bourgeois civilization. 10 Major Economic Facts of Indus Valley Civilization. red, black, green and rarely yellow. Those who lived in the upper portion of the cities near the forts formed a ruling class. Economics; Religion of Harappa; Social Life of Harappans; Intellectual Status; Harappan Artists; The Indus Valley. Proof of strict rehearses around there go back roughly to 5500 BCE. Decline 1. The Indus Valley Civilization had what was called soapstone seals and this is what they might have used for money later on in the civilization. Dicing was a favorite pastime. Economical Life. Meluhha was a prominent trading partner of the Sumerians and they imported timber and ebony in high volumes. stored in granaries. The seals, the terracotta figurines, the images of dancing girls prove the artistic taste of the Indus men. Many historians have discovered existence of different classes in the Harappan society from the difference of the funeral custom. In Mohenjo-Daro their was a fortress within the citadel. Implements like sickle have been discovered. ), Social And Religious Life: Indus valley civilization, Decline and Disappearance of the Harappan Culture, Political Life of Indus valley civilization, Geographical Extent of Indus valley civilization, Economic Life of Indus valley civilization, Important ancient books and their authors. 6. The “vanity case” and the toilet jars found at Harappa consisted of ivory powder, face-paint and many other varieties of cosmetics. Quick Revision-Ancient History : Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC)-Economic Life. What are the main Waste Disposal Methods? Silver and sapphire were imported from Persia and Afghanistan. Social, Economic and Political System; Change in Technology; Reflection; The Governing System. The Indus children had the advantages of playing with animal shaped toys made of clay. The Indus Valley Civilization 1. List of 12 Angas Of Jainism : Jain Literature, Alexander’s Invasion of India (327-325 B.C. Following a custom in prehistoric studies, the civilization is called as Harappan named after Harappa. Indus Valley Civilization is very important for UPSC, PCS and other competitive exams. Burial of ashes and bones after burning the dead body. The nature of the Indus civilization’s agricultural system is still largely a matter of conjecture due to the paucity of information surviving through the ages. The evidence suggests they had a highly developed city life; many houses had wells and bathrooms as well as an elaborate underground drainage system. Animals like sheep, goats and buffalo were This life of the Indus people was further supported by cultural traits relating to rituals and possibly a hierarchical social structure and a political authority. The prevalence of the worship of the Mother Goddess (Sakti) has been suggested. Fillets made of gold or silver were used to keep the hair in particular position. Gupta Empire (A.D. 320-550) - Golgen age of Indian, Sangam Age – The Chera, Chola and Pandyas, Cheras (Keralaputra) and their capital Vanji. What is Fresh Water and How can we conserve it? Add your answer and earn points. The potter, the mason, the metal worker had high demand. It existed from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. crop-pattern and seasons. Its development started from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The Indus people used copper and tin. Arts and crafts and trade formed one of the main occupations of the people. Agriculture appears to be the main occupation of the Indus people. Shiva has infinite and limitless powers. domesticated. Origin, Phases, Spread, and Major Centres 3. Hair-style, Ornaments of people of Indus Valley. Economical Life. There proves that the Harappan people were undoubtedly "comfort Engineer’s Day in India: Origin, Significance, Celebrations, History of India: Ancient, Medieval and Modern History of India, A Brief History of the British East India Company, Karnataka Queen Rani Chennamma Gave Aurangzeb A Really Difficult Time, WHERE THERE IS A WILL THERE IS A WAY ESSAY, Mauryan Administration System (Mauryan Government), Short Paragraph on Importance of Good Health, Top 21 Motivational Quotes About Strength, Sai Baba Teaching’s : Whosoever is destined…. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Fa-Hien - The first Chinese pilgrim to visit India. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization in the northwestern districts of South Asia. A good quantity of barley has been (a) Food-Vegetarian and non-vegetarian items of provisions were eaten by the subjects of Indus Valley Civilization.Significant stuffs of food comprised wheat, barley, rice, milk, fish, beef, mutton etc., in addition to date, which was their preferred fruit. Lord Shiva blesses his devotees in every-way. Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). They produced General Knowledge on Indus Valley Civilization | indus-valley-civilization Economic Life of Indus Valley Civilization The economy of Indus Valley Civilization was based upon agriculture and trade. There is a striking absence of any temple among the remains of the Indus valley. Besides food was supplied from distant areas by boats plying on New questions in History Men wore long hair, parted in the middle and kept tidy at the back. The staple … Post Mauryan India : Kanva, Cheta, Parthians, Kus... Sunga dynasty (185-71 BC) : Pushyamitra Sunga, Bindusara (293-273 BC): son of Chandragupta, Mauryan Empire: Chandragupta Maurya (321-293 BC), Megasthenes - The first foreign ambassador to India. The trading system had a great contribution towards the social and economic life of Indus Valley Civilization. about 4,500 years ago and was centered in the vast river . The population of Mohenjo-Daro was about 35000. The Indus people were the earliest people to produce cotton. They had trade relations with the people of Sumer and of other towns situated along the Persian Gulf. The food of the Harappan people was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. The?economy?of?Indus Valley Civilization was based upon agriculture and trade . There is lack of defensive weapons like sword. The direction of writing is from right to left, and in few classes from left to right. Indus valley civilisation is based on agriculture ; Trade and commerce flourished in this period. Rice was probably grown in the Indus valley. This deals with government because the kings and rulers of the Indus valley used these citadels to their advantage to gain authority. A At Umma and Akkad two bales of Indus clothes with Indus seals have been discovered. Four hundred distinct signs have so far been listed from it. were made of bronze or copper. The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. The Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Valley . In this article we will discuss about the food, social Dress, ornaments, house hold articles, amusements, trade, social class and structure, religion and funerary customs of the people of Indus Valley Civilization. Wheat and barley were the main crops grown besides sesame, mustard and cotton. But, David Diringer suggests it to be of Elamite origin. Big and modernised cities like Mohenjodaro and Harappa are evidence of the effective economic conditions of the Indus Valley citizens. There are also no remains of great statues of kings or gods. A strict control was exercised to maintain proper standard of weight. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. The Vedic period saw countable units of precious metal being used for exchange. Burial of the bones of the dead body after wild beasts ate of it. Overview of the Course: Understanding The Ancient History (for UPSC CSE) 3:55 mins. This is proved by painted and glazed wares. Harappan civili­ zation. The economy of the Indus civilization was based on animal husbandry, particularly of zebu cattle, and on arable agriculture, growing cereals, pulses, and other plants. The Indus people produced animals. Worship of tree, fire, water and probably sun seems to have been in vogue among the Indus people. The ruling class had a monopoly of the copper weapons by which they terrified the people and exploited the resources produced by them by fanning or by craft. 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The meeting place of the Indus Valley had a great contribution towards the life.