Both the Union and Confederate armies forbade the enlistment of women. The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a database containing information about the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. The pay was poor, the food was meager and unappetizing, the soldier’s uniforms were hot and uncomfortable and living conditions were unsanitary and rife with disease. Fewer than 3% of soldiers on both sides worked as business professionals before the Civil War. Capstone Press, 2016. Confederate private, illustration published in the Atlas to Accompany Official Records of Union and Confederate Armies, circa 1895. The northern army had much better records but still precision is impossible. Mississippi 7% Some of these soldiers were drafted into the Confederate Army while others joined willingly. According to Civil War historian James M. McPherson, in his book For Cause and Comrades, most Confederate volunteers stated they were fighting for liberty as well as slavery while many of the Union soldiers stated they fought to end slavery and preserve the union. How many VMI Alumni fought in the Civil War? Although the inherently clandestine nature of the activity makes an accurate count impossible, conservative estimates of female soldiers in the Civil War puts the number somewhere between 400 and 750. ), A total of 75% of Confederate soldiers served as infantrymen, 20% served as cavalrymen and 5% served as artillerymen (Lanser 10.). South Carolina 6% The exact number of Native-Americans who fought in the Civil War is unknown but is estimated to be as high as 6,000 for the Union and 12,000 for the Confederates, although the National Park Service estimates the number is closer to 2,500 soldiers overall. Maryland 2% The Civil War claimed 620,000 lives – nearly as many American casualties as every other war fought by the United States combined. And one out of every five people who enlisted to risk their lives fighting their fellow countrymen was less than 18 years old. Two African-American soldiers at an abandoned farmhouse in Dutch Gap, Virginia in 1864. No one will ever be able to say how many men served in either army during the war. Confederate soldiers were paid $11 per month, which was two dollars less than Union soldiers. Background "Once let the black man get upon his person the brass letter, U.S., let him get an eagle on his button, and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pocket, there is no power on earth that … In fact, most Confederate soldiers did not own slaves; therefore he didn’t fight for slavery and the war couldn’t have been about slavery.” The logic is simple and compelling—the rates of slave ownership among Confederate soldiers reveals something about the cause of the Confederate nation. Nearly as many American soldiers died in the Civil War as all of the wars that America has fought combined. Confederate soldiers had a variety of nicknames, such as Reb, Johnny Reb, Greyback, Rebels, Secesh, Butternuts and Johnnies, according to Josephus Nelson Larned in his book The New Larned History for Ready Reference, Reading and Research: “During the first year of the war [of the rebellion – in the United States] the Union soldiers commonly called their opponents, ‘Rebs’ and ‘Secesh’; in 1862, ‘Confeds’; in 1863 ‘Graybacks’ and ‘Butternuts” and in 1864, ‘Johnnies.’ The nickname ‘Butternuts’ was given the Confederates on account of their homespun clothes, dyed reddish-brown with a dye made of butternut bark. Women soldiers of the Civil War therefore assumed masculine names, disguised themselves as men, and hid the fact they were female. Mississippi: 70,000 In total, more than 3.5 million Americans would fight in the Civil War; more than 2 million for the Union, some 1.5 million for the Confederate States. Not all the Hispanics who fought in the American Civil War were "Hispanic-Americans", in other words citizens of the United States.Many of them were Spanish subjects or nationals from countries in the Caribbean, Central and South America. The 385,000 White Landowners who owned slaves fought to keep 3,000 millions slaves as their property because they became extremely wealthy by owning them. Honoring the heroes & heroines that fought that struggle is no disgrace. On the Confederate side, the numbers aren’t all that accurate because there are a lot of missing records due to the overall destruction of that region during and after the war. This raises an obvious question: why then were few Confederate soldiers tried for treason? Not everyone who fought in the Civil War was a soldier. Civil War Trust: Who Fought? Alabama 9% This suggests that the number of Irish-born men who served during the American Civil War was in excess of 200,000. In the Army of Northern Virginia about 10-15% personally owned their own slaves, but nearly half came from slave-owning homes. There is a longstanding myth about African American soldiers enlisting in the Confederate army. According to the Civil War Trust, between 620,000 – 850,000 soldiers died from combat, disease and starvation during the Civil War. The majority of soldiers who fought in the war were not professional soldiers or draftees and were instead volunteers. According to Civil War historian James M. McPherson, in his book For Cause and Comrades, most Confederate volunteers stated they were fighting for liberty as well as slavery while many of the Union soldiers stated they fought to end slavery and preserve the union. In Boston disappointed would-be volunteers met and passed a resolution requesting that the Government modify its laws to per… These lists also show the final regular unit they served in, if known. They were paid in Confederate currency. Some of these soldiers later went on to become famous writers, performers or even criminals, in some cases. They were serving in noncombatant roles. More than half the Confederate soldiers were farmers, although only a very small percentage of them owned slaves. Presidential pardons. Black Confederate Soldiers African American Civil War Army Picture, Black Confederates Facts Serving in Army, Did African Americans serve in Confederate Army, Photo Black Civil War Soldiers Union. The latest research indicates that of the approximately 1,930 alumni who were living at the beginning of the Civil War, 1,827 served in some capacity (94.7%). The burial detail had stumbled upon one of the most intriguing stories of the Civil War: the multitudes of women who fought in the front line. Old soldiers who fought under the Stars and Bars during the Civil War are shown here with the president, who welcomed them to the White House. The easy answer is that, as Politico explained in 2018, Confederates received presidential pardons which began at Lincoln’s hand: Daily life for a Civil War soldier was grueling. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'civilwarsaga_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',109,'0','0']));Although it technically wasn’t legal for children and young teens to serve as soldiers in the army, many of these minors lied about their age in order to serve their country and earn money. Q: Who were the soldiers in the American Civil War? In addition, they also had to learn how to deal with harsh weather, injuries, homesickness and the rigors of military life. Of the 211,411 Union soldiers captured 16,668 were paroled on the field and 30,218 died in prison. Your email address will not be published. Lee and Confederate President Jefferson Davis had only two ... “What did we go to war for, ... but they could not begin to balance out the nearly 200,000 Black soldiers who fought for the Union. The American Civil War, fought from 1861-1865, affected nearly every man, woman, and child living in the United States. When did the Civil War end? What does the confederate flag stand for? Of the 462,634 Confederate soldiers captured 247,769 were paroled on the field and 25,976 died in prison. Roughly 2.75 million soldiers fought during the Civil War. Florida: 15,000 New York Times: New Estimates Raises Civil War Death Toll: www.nytimes.com/2012/04/03/science/civil-war-toll-up-by-20-percent-in-new-estimate.html, Your email address will not be published. The Union side suffered more than 350,000 deaths, both battle and non-battle related. Nichols Publishing Co, 1922. It is estimated that over 100,000 Confederate soldiers deserted during the war, more than 250,000 died of wounds or disease and 200,000 were wounded. In fact, according to the  Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference, over 70,000 books have been published on various aspects of the Civil War and more are being published every day. This listing shows the names and ranks of the Regular Army of the Confederate States of America (ASCA) officers, as well as their ranks in the volunteer Provisional Army of the Confederate States (PACS), if any. According to the Oxford Companion to American Military History, the best estimate of total Confederate soldiers range from 850,000 to 900,000. The Confederate army had between 750,000 and 1,250,000 … Additional information may be found by viewing the image of the original record. These guerrillas were secessionist civilians who wanted to defend the south but didn’t want to join the army so they organized themselves into guerrillas bands to fight Union occupation. Collectors Weekly: War and Prosthetics: How Veterans Fought for the Perfect Artificial Limb: www.collectorsweekly.com/articles/war-and-prosthetics It is an accepted convention that the Civil War was a man's fight. Civil War soldiers where mostly young white men but a surprising number of them were also women, children, African-Americans, Jewish people and Native-Americans. As result, if you want to learn more about the Civil War, it may be hard to know where to start. They were turned away, however, because a Federal law dating from 1792 barred Negroes from bearing arms for the U.S. army (although they had served in the American Revolution and in the War of 1812). In fact, according to the  Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference, over 70,000 books have been published on various aspects of the Civil War and more are being published every day. 126 times it says help the less fortunate and I am sure it means even more so when you have compromised their education and freedom as was done for our black bothers and sisters for 250 years before the civil war so others could benefit financially…horrible greed at it’s best. Between 750,00 and 850,000 common soldiers fought for the Confederate army during the American Civil War. Soldiers also had to cope with long stretches of boredom in camp as well as moments of sheer terror and horror on the battlefield. McKim, Randolph A. Your email address will not be published. Confederate prisoners. Marion, Indiana — Veterans eat their meals in the dining hall of the National Soldiers' Home, a facility for the care of disabled American veterans, many from the Civil War. However, according to Randolph H. McKim in his book The Numerical Strength of the Confederate Army, the numbers of enrollment into the Confederate army were: Virginia: 175,000 About 40,000 African-American soldiers died in the war, mostly from disease or infection. (And not including 20,000 African-Americans.) The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (CWSS) is a database containing information about the men who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. A few of the tribes who fought in the war include the Cherokee and the Seneca tribe. Louisiana 6% Florida 2% American Civil War, fought between 1861 and 1865, claimed 620,000 lives and one in five soldiers were kids It is estimated that up to 100,000 of the Union's soldiers … Of the 462,634 Confederate soldiers captured 247,769 were paroled on the field and 25,976 died in prison. Beauregard fired on Fort Sumter, a Union fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina commanded by Major Robert Anderson. With this war, however, they were killing one another. Hispanics in the American Civil War fought on both the Union and Confederate sides of the conflict. The typical common soldier from both North and South was white, a native-born farmer, Protestant, single, and falling in the range between 18 and 29 years old. Civil War medicine was more advanced than many people believe, Wunderlich said. www.civilwar.org/learn/articles/who-fought But this question actually misses a very important point. types of uniforms Confederate soldiers wore. Civil War Trust: Guerrilla Warfare: www.civilwar.org/education/history/warfare-and-logistics/warfare/guerrilla-warfare-during-the.html About 2 million of these soldiers fought for the Union and 750,000 fought for the Confederates. The Confederacy acted as a separate government until defeated in the spring of 1865. Your email address will not be published. Roughly 2.75 million soldiers fought during the Civil War. They tended to be young southern farmers, laborers and mechanics. It is estimated that around 200,000 Union soldiers and over 100,000 Confederate soldiers deserted during the war. Approximately 179,000 African-American men served in the army and 19,000 served in the navy during the Civil War. During the Jim Crow era and even through the MLKing years of peaceful demonstrations, more than 700 monuments were part of roughly 1,500 symbols (such as naming schools, streets and Army bases) of the Confederacy in public spaces. The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, and began after a number of Southern states seceded from the country and formed the Confederate States of America. This database contains records of Confederate soldiers who served in military organizations that were formed by the Confederate Government. The Civil War in the West (1861-July 1863) By Dale Anderson The mortality rate for prisoners of war was 15.5 percent for Union soldiers and 12 percent for Confederate soldiers. The mortality rate for prisoners of war was 15.5 percent for Union soldiers and 12 percent for Confederate soldiers. Another 32,000 served in Union forces; most of these came from the counties that today comprise the state of West Virginia, while a number of West Virginia troops were recruited from the neighboring states of Ohio and Pennsylvania. This indicates that the majority of the soldiers were lower to middle class blue-collar workers. The men, of course, marched off to war, lived in germ-ridden camps, engaged in heinous battle, languished in appalling prison camps, and died horribly, yet heroically. Almost 3.5 million soldiers are believed to have been involved, with around 360,000 Union soldiers and 260,000 Confederate soldiers losing their lives as a direct result of the war. Many became religious, and McPherson concludes that "it may not be an exaggeration" to say that religion prolonged the war by bucking up Confederate morale (75). Lanser, Amanda. Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History: Civil War Deserters: Cowards or Heroes: www.gilderlehrman.org/sites/default/files/inline-pdfs/David%20Carr_0.pdf Information and Articles About Confederate (Southern) Soldiers of the American Civil War The Confederacy had volunteers or recruited its soldiers from many ethnic groups. The records include a jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, his rank, and the unit in which he served. Tennessee: 115,000. So there are certainly online and printed sources that have totals of the soldiers provided by each state and territory loyal to the Union, as well as from loyal groups in most of the Rebel states. 1861-1865 - Maryland, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Maryland are available online. African American soldiers joined the war from the beginning. Many young children served as soldiers, musicians, messengers, nurses and scouts in the Civil War. Required fields are marked *, There’s definitely no shortage of books about the American Civil War. Learn more about Confederate Soldiers. Redkey, Edwin S. Tennessee actually supplied the second largest total of troops--more than North Carolina--from any Confederate state. Of the 211,411 Union soldiers captured 16,668 were paroled on the field and 30,218 died in prison. 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