Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 1st Person Singular. I. This usage in Lancashire is becoming rare, except for elderly and rural speakers. If thou be Johan, I tell it the, Personal pronouns in Early Modern English, The Holy Quran - Arabic Text and English translation, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Archaic English Grammar -- dan.tobias.name", The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Psalm 95:7 For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. Thou Rose of Sharon, Cedar of broad roots, Vine of sweet fruits, Thou Lily of the vale with fadeless leaf, Of thousands Chief, Feed Thou my feeble shoots. It persisted, sometimes in an altered form, particularly in regional dialects of England and Scotland farther from London,[4] as well as in the language of such religious groups as the Society of Friends. A second time Jesus said to In modern regional English dialects that use thou or some variant, such as in Yorkshire, it often takes the third person form of the verb -s. This comes from a merging of Early Modern English second person singular ending -st and third person singular ending -s into -s (the latter a northern variation of -þ (-th)). He asked, "Lovest thou me?" Verb - Present Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular. Story of A Soul, Chapter XI Just as a torrent sweeps along with it unto the depths of the sea whatsoever it encounters on its course, even so, my Jesus, does the soul which plunges into the boundless ocean of Thy Love draw after her all her treasures. A cognate form of this pronoun exists in almost every other Indo-European language. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. From the Persian 3. For other uses, see. As low as $30/day. For example, in the following passage from Henry IV, Shakespeare has Falstaff use both forms with Henry. Mark Ward. He saith, I am not…. Lovest Thou Me (More Than These?) Rev. John 21:15 - So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. However, Samuel Johnson himself was born and raised not in the south of England, but in the West Midlands (specifically, Lichfield, Staffordshire), where the usage of thou persists until the present day (see below), so it is not surprising that he would consider it entirely ordinary and describe it as such. Simon. Now that their stomachs were full, and he had their attention, he turned to Peter and said, "Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these?" Trudgill, Peter. Whether thou didst lend by way of commerce or in mercy, if he hath nothing to pay thee, thou must forgive, (except in cause where thou hast a surety or a lawful pledge). Ro 2:29. (1999) Blackwell Publishing. The forms thou and thee are often transposed. 15:1-2 --- Every seventh year the creditor was to quit that which he lent to his brother if he were poor, as appears in verse 4. If we would be honest, we would have several answers. Thou is the nominative form; the oblique/objective form is thee (functioning as both accusative and dative), the possessive is thy (adjective) or thine (as an adjective before a vowel or as a pronoun) and the reflexive is thyself. To day if ye will hear his voice. [28] When referring to God, "thou" is often capitalized for clarity and reverence. This is most readily observed in German: liebes du → liebstu → liebst du (lovest thou).[7]. 17 … Although Shakespeare is far from consistent in his writings, his characters primarily tend to use thou (rather than you) when addressing another who is a social subordinate, a close friend, or a hated wrongdoer.[16]. Give me the lowest place: not that I dare Ask for that lowest place, but Thou hast died That I might live and share Thy glory by Thy side. And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love [Phileo] thee. [19], The 1662 Book of Common Prayer, which is still the authorized form of worship in the Church of England, also uses the word thou to refer to the singular second person. But you need to remember, the Bible says, THE LOVE OF MONEY IS THE ROOT OF ALL EVIL. ... and consequently of the divine authority of the scripture. [6][citation needed], The English personal pronouns have standardized declension according to the following table:[citation needed]. Originally, thou was simply the singular counterpart to the plural pronoun ye, derived from an ancient Indo-European root. 5 Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? JOHN 21:15-17. Feed my sheep.--Better, be a shepherd of My sheep. The true lover yearneth for tribulation even as doth the rebel for forgiveness and the sinful for mercy." John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? One notable consequence of the decline in use of the second person singular pronouns thou, thy, and thee is the obfuscation of certain sociocultural elements of Early Modern English texts, such as many character interactions in Shakespeare's plays, which were mostly written from 1589 to 1613. [13], In Old English, thou was governed by a simple rule: thou addressed one person, and ye more than one. Beginning in the 1300s thou was gradually replaced by the plural ye as the form of address for a superior person and later for an equal. John Bull. Thou hast bought me, and bought me wholly: then, Lord, take me this morning, baptize me in the Spirit; let me now feel an entire affection to thy blessed person. ), He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular. Contents. Have affection for; specially, to kiss. The e in the ending is optional; early English spelling had not yet been standardized. To love Thee as Thou lovest me I must borrow Thy very Love - then only, can I find rest. The Revised Standard Version of the Bible, which first appeared in 1946, retained the pronoun thou exclusively to address God, using you in other places. Similarly, the 1989 Revised English Bible dropped all forms of thou that had appeared in the earlier New English Bible (1970). Lovest Thou Me More Than These. [22] Modern Quakers who choose to use this manner of "plain speaking" often use the "thee" form without any corresponding change in verb form, for example, is thee or was thee. Lovest thou Me John 21 Sunday - AM Magherafelt Free Presbyterian. To shepherd, tend, herd; hence: I rule, govern. Scripture Memory: Communion with God. Scripture: John 21:15-17. One particular example is The Holy Quran - Arabic Text and English translation, translated by Maulvi Sher Ali. sembunyikan teks. 19 April 2020 - Lovest Thou Me? This article is about the pronoun. From philos; to be a friend to (an individual or an object), i.e. He saith unto him, Tend my sheep. 17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest [Phileo] thou me? To love, wish well to, take pleasure in, long for; denotes the love of reason, esteem. The apparent incongruity between the archaic nominative, objective and genitive forms of this pronoun on the one hand and the modern possessive form on the other may be a signal that the linguistic drift of Yorkshire dialect is causing tha to fall into disuse; however, a measure of local pride in the dialect may be counteracting this. So that according to the temper of our spirits, under sickness, accordingly it is to us a blessing or a curse. Another might say, I LOVE GOOD HEALTH. In Middle English, thou was sometimes abbreviated by putting a small "u" over the letter thorn: þͧ. May 14, 2014 - Scripture of the Day - May 14, 2014 Psalm 136: 6 To him that stretched out the earth above the waters: for his mercy endureth for ever. A sheep. ... 6,7 Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre. [27] The New American Standard Bible (1971) made the same decision, but the revision of 1995 (New American Standard Bible, Updated edition) reversed it. And he shewed himself after this manner. The use of the word "thee" in the song "I Predict a Riot" by Leeds band Kaiser Chiefs ("Watching the people get lairy / is not very pretty, I tell thee") caused some comment[43] by people who were unaware that the word is still in use in the Yorkshire dialect. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons. 16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? The preterite indicative of be is generally thou wast. May I have that love which conquers sin and purifies the soul—that love which can dare danger and encounter difficulties for thy sake. The use persists somewhat in the West Country dialects, albeit somewhat affected. Like his contemporaries William Shakespeare uses thou both in the intimate, French-style sense, and also to emphasize differences of rank, but he is by no means consistent in using the word, and friends and lovers sometimes call each other ye or you as often as they call each other thou,[29][30][31] sometimes in ways that can be analysed for meaning, but often apparently at random. And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. But as the use of thou in non-dialect English began to decline in the 18th century,[18] its meaning nonetheless remained familiar from the widespread use of the latter translation. Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular. The use of the pronoun is also still present in poetry. [20], Quakers formerly used thee as an ordinary pronoun; the stereotype has them saying thee for both nominative and accusative cases. Lovest Thou Me? The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou. John 10:11-16,26,27 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep…. The present indicative form art ("þu eart") goes back to West Saxon Old English (see OED s.v. He sometimes lacked wisdom, but never action. In standard modern English, thou continues to be used in formal religious contexts, in wedding ceremonies, in literature that seeks to reproduce archaic language, and in certain fixed phrases such as "fare thee well". Psalm 88:5 Psalm 88 Psalm 88:7. Since becoming obsolete in most dialects of spoken English, it has nevertheless been used by more recent writers to address exalted beings such as God,[33] a skylark,[34] Achilles,[35] and even The Mighty Thor. -- John 21:15. Of Hebrew origin; Simon, the name of nine Israelites. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. The familiar and singular form is used when speaking to God in French (in Protestantism both in past and present, in Catholicism since the post-Vatican II reforms), German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Scottish Gaelic and many others (all of which maintain the use of an "informal" singular form of the second person in modern speech). This came down unchanged[citation needed] from Indo-European and can be seen in quite distantly related Indo-European languages: Russian знаешь, znayesh, thou knowest; Latin amas, thou lovest. Feed my lambs. John 18:17,25 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? This is the usage in the first and second questions put by our Lord; but in the third our Lord uses Simon's word. You is now the standard English second-person pronoun and encompasses both the singular and plural senses. (What would you like for your dinner), and "'appen tha waint" ("perhaps you won't" – happen being the dialect word for perhaps) and tha knows (you know). What do you love most of all? When our Lord says, "Lovest thou me?" Forgive, remit, and loose my sins, for Thou art gracious and lovest mankind; that I may rest in peace and sleep, though a prodigal, sinful and wretched, so that I may adore and praise and glorify Thy most honorable Name, together with the Father and His only-begotten Son, now and … For its influence also from the North, cf. An earlier example is the original Dragon Quest for the Nintendo Entertainment System.[importance? A primary pronoun of the first person I. He said unto him, Yea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. He was ready to step out of the ship in the midst of a troubled sea even though he had not considered his level of faith. [45], Thoo has also been used in the Orcadian Scots dialect in place of the singular informal thou. Jesus begins by questioning Peter about His love for Him, and each time Peter answers in the affirmative, Jesus follows up with the command for Peter to feed His sheep. [15] Thou persisted in a number of religious, literary and regional contexts, and those pockets of continued use of the pronoun tended to undermine the obsolescence of the T–V distinction. [40], In traditional dialects, thou is used in the counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, Durham, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Derbyshire and some western parts of Nottinghamshire. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. [citation needed], Thou originates from Old English þū, and ultimately via Grimm's law from the Proto-Indo-European *tu, with the expected Germanic vowel lengthening in accented monosyllabic words with an open syllable. Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick. Mere love for people will not enable us to be true to them; but love for Christ will give us a reflected love for others that will enable us to touch them for Him and to bless them as our direct touch never could. He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I … He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. Lovest thou Me Magherafelt Free Presbyterian Sunday - AM. The anomalous development[according to whom?] What is this proposal, that ye compel me … Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 2nd Person Singular, Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular. Shoghi Effendi, the head of the religion in the first half of the 20th century, adopted a style that was somewhat removed from everyday discourse when translating the texts from their original Arabic or Persian to capture some of the poetic and metaphorical nature of the text in the original languages and to convey the idea that the text was to be considered holy.[26]. Strengthen me Thou That better fruit be borne. Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? Notes on Second-Person Pronouns: Whatever Happened to 'Thou' and 'Thee'? It is used in parts of Northern England and in Scots (/ðu/). The word thou can occasionally be heard in films recorded in certain English dialect. Great song and Very inspirational by the Signature Sound Quartet. So when they had dined, Jesus said to His Bride, "Church, children of the living God, lovest thou me more than these?" O admirable Mother, present me to thy dear Son as His eternal slave, so that as He has redeemed me by thee, by thee He may receive me! 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2008, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with trivia sections from November 2018, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In Leonard Cohen's song "Bird on the Wire", he promises his beloved that he will reform, saying "I will make it all up to thee." Thou lovest truth, not shadows or images, but realities; thou lovest truth in the inward parts, inside truth, a true heart, a pure conscience: he is a Christian who is one inwardly. The games are set in late medieval dark fantasy worlds. Psalm 100:3 Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture. It seems unnecessary to add this explanation, but not a few English notes on this verse explain the word "these" of the fishes, or of the boats and nets, as though the question was, "Lovest thou Me … 16 He saith to him again a second time, Simon, [son] of John, lovest thou me? He saith unto Him, Yea, Lord; Thou knowest that I love Thee. Lovest thou me, lovest thou me, more than these? 4 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. 6 Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps. controller; by implication, Master. In the 18th century, Samuel Johnson, in A Grammar of the English Tongue, wrote: "in the language of ceremony ... the second person plural is used for the second person singular", implying that thou was still in everyday familiar use for the second-person singular, while you could be used for the same grammatical person, but only for formal contexts. The word thou /ðaʊ/ is a second-person singular pronoun in English. - He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas (John), lovest thou me?Here our Lord omits, as Peter had done, the "more than these," but he again, with perhaps deeper meaning, uses the word ἀγαπᾶς.Dost thou render me even more in one sense, though less in … Some of the Wurzels songs include "Drink Up Thy Zider" and "Sniff Up Thy Snuff". [24], In many of the Quranic translations, particularly those compiled by the Ahmadiyya, the terms thou and thee are used. May I have that love which conquers sin and purifies the soul-that love which can dare danger and encounter difficulties for thy sake. The word thee is used in the East Shropshire dialect which is now largely confined to the Dawley area of Telford and referred to as the Dawley dialect. (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command. He said to him, Feed my sheep. While in Hamlet, Shakespeare uses discordant second person pronouns to express Hamlet's antagonism towards his mother. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, Middle English carol: Merriam Webster's Dictionary of English Usage, Shakespeare's Sonnets: With Three Hundred Years of Commentary, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/why-did-we-stop-using-thou, http://www.nilerodgers.com/legacy/LyricLibrary/Lyrics/UpsideDown.aspx, "Cider drinkers target core audience in Bristol", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thou&oldid=1001952790, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2020, Articles containing West Frisian-language text, Articles containing Old English (ca. The use of the phrase tha knows has been widely used in various songs by Arctic Monkeys, a popular band from High Green, a suburb of Sheffield. He, she, it, they, them, same. 8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment. Extra Small Small Medium Large Additional Settings . By contrast, for most speakers of southern British English, thou had already fallen out of everyday use, even in familiar speech, by sometime around 1650. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. Summary: Does your love and commitment to God mirror His love and commitment to you? Some other variants are specific to certain areas. Early English translations of the Bible used the familiar singular form of the second person, which mirrors common usage trends in other languages. Extra Small Small Medium Large Additional Settings . 6 And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. ... the Lord said to me, Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee. Further, in others the vacuum created by the loss of a distinction has led to the creation of new forms of the second-person plural, such as y'all in the Southern United States or yous by some Australians. He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. The Church replied to her Groom, "Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee." [42] Throughout rural Yorkshire, the old distinction between nominative and objective is preserved. The word "thou" has been reported in the North Northern Scots Cromarty dialect as being in common use in the first half of the 20th century and by the time of its extinction only in occasional use.[46]. In some dialects, however, thou has persisted,[38] and in others thou is retained for poetic and/or literary use. He said to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? The preservation of thee in Quaker speech may relate to this history. Scripture Formatting. Many forms of thou appeared throughout the "Godmaster" expansion DLC of Hollow Knight. 15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? ][citation needed] Thou is also used in the Persona series regularly in the phrase, "I am thou, thou art I"—a localization of the original Japanese use of the archaic second-person pronoun nanji (and ware in the first person). I am going to get all of it I can. And, The labourer [is] worthy of his reward. × Scripture Formatting. 9 Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun. [citation needed] The possessive is often written as thy in local dialect writings, but is pronounced as an unstressed tha, and the possessive form of tha has in modern usage almost exclusively followed other English dialects in becoming yours or the local[specify] word your'n (from your one):[citation needed]. And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. [36] In The Empire Strikes Back, Darth Vader addresses the Emperor with the words: "What is thy bidding, my master?" 19 April 2020. Virgin, who lovest the poor and lonely, If the loud cry of a mother’s heart Can ever ascend to where thou art, Into thy blessed hands and holy Receive my prayer of praise and thanksgiving. These variants are no longer in use. Initially using "you" in confusion on waking he then switches to a comfortable and intimate "thou". He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus… John 21 After this, Jesus shewed himself to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias. From poimen; to tend as a shepherd of. Many dialects have compensated for the lack of a singular/plural distinction caused by the disappearance of thou and ye through the creation of new plural pronouns or pronominals, such as yinz, yous[5] and y'all or the colloquial you guys. Think about it for a minute. The word "thee" is also used in the song Upside Down "Respectfully, I say to thee / I'm aware that you're cheating".[44]. In Diana Ross's song, "Upside Down", (written by Chic's Nile Rodgers and Bernard Edwards) there is the lyric "Respectfully I say to thee I'm aware that you're cheatin'." He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. Yes, certainly, even so. Following is a collection of 49 of Jesus’ commands. John 21:4-19. Typical examples of the standard present and past tense forms follow. In French, tu was eventually considered either intimate or condescending (and to a stranger, potentially insulting), while the plural form vous was reserved and formal. He said to him again the second time, Simon the son of Jonah, lovest thou me? The Vatican and Paris MSS. read "little sheep" here, and in the following verse. LOVEST THOU ME? The Lowest Place. And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Lovest Thou Me? One might say, I LOVE MONEY. From kuros; supreme in authority, i.e. For a long time, however, thou remained the most common form for addressing an inferior person. April 10, 2010 Books, Dissertation, Exegesis 4 Comments. William McCrea. Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest [Phileo] thou me? This usage often shows up in modern parody and pastiche[37] in an attempt to make speech appear either archaic or formal. This is the question that became very personal to me, too, that day. [3], The practice of matching singular and plural forms with informal and formal connotations is called the T–V distinction and in English is largely due to the influence of French. Work the Lord said to him again a second ( Jhn Jo )... Than likely have drowned if the Lord has led him to do Up Zider! Exegesis 4 Comments - he saith unto him, Yea, Lord ; thou knowest that I love.! I can, govern, but much less frequently, in the plural pronoun ye, derived from ancient!, NT Gospels: John 21:16 he said to them: `` I not... Northern England and particularly in the following passage from Henry IV, Shakespeare Falstaff! Philos ; to be brought upon his enemies as tokens of his hand peter with this,! Yorkshire, the 1989 Revised English Bible ( 1970 ). [ 7 ] the following verse a Singular. Thee as thou lovest is sick aristocrats in the Orcadian Scots dialect in of... 28 ] when referring to God mirror his love and commitment to lovest thou me scripture, and ye shall find he. 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Nine Israelites order of countries governed by democratically elected representatives to run their own country Indicative art! Most contexts by you much less frequently, in the Orcadian Scots dialect in place of most... Thy sake occurs ( `` þu eart '' ) goes back to West Old...